National EMSC Data Analysis Resource Center
Below are just a few of the basic and most common terminology related to grants.
If you find something not listed contact us and we'll get it up and going. Thanks to the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services for providing many of these definitions.
A brief overview of your proposal. The abstract is the first thing that reviewer's read, and it causes them to formulate an opinion of your proposal (good or bad, justified or not).
The actual application for funding. A majority of applications are now being submitted electronically. See HRSA's Electronic Submission Guide for more information. Also see grant guidance.
A group of individuals who have been selected by an organization to provide technical consultation in a variety of areas (e.g., fundraising, outreach, strategic planning). An advisory committee meets periodically to provide advice and feedback to the organization.
Activities specified or described in a grant application, plan, or other document that are approved by the awarding office for funding, or changes that may be proposed by the grantee and subsequently approved by the Grants Management Officer.
The guidance explains exactly what is required to submit the application. It contains additional definitions, explanations, and deadlines. Before submitting any grant. Read the guidance!
A hypothesis is an assumption made in order to test its validity. It should assert a cause-and-effect relationship between a program intervention and its expected result. Both the intervention and result must be measured to confirm the hypothesis.
The IRB is an administrative body established to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects recruited to participate in research activities conducted under the auspices of the institution with which it is affiliated. The IRB has the authority to approve, require modifications in, or disapprove all research activities that fall within its jurisdiction. More information on IRBs can be obtained from the Office for Human Research Protections at http://ohrp.osophs.dhhs.gov.
Tools (surveys, questionnaires, etc.) used to involve individuals in discussions about their lives and the communities in which they live. Community participants become involved in programming as they provide information about their social, economic, and environmental concerns.
The legally binding document that notifies the grantee institution that a grant or a cooperative agreement has been made. Contains references to the award's terms and conditions.
Benefits or changes for individuals or populations during or after participation in program activities. Outcomes may relate to behavior, skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, conditions or other attributes. Outcomes are what participants know, think, or can do; how they behave, or what their conditions are that is different following program implementation. (Source: United Way of America.)
Faculty or staff member who directs the technical and administrative work of a sponsored project. CoPI is a faculty member who collaborates with the Principal Investigator (PI) in the execution of the research project.
Submitted to a sponsor setting forth a project that includes at a minimum a description of the work and a budget.
Formal announcement by sponsor of a funding initiative to support research projects within a well-defined area. Typically RFA's are published in the Federal Register, agency announcements, or in a foundation announcement. Federal RFP's are published in the Commerce Business Daily.
Critical section of your grant directly related to your success in obtaining funding. Should include, broad, long-term objectives of your research, and then list the specific aims or goals that are being proposed in the particular research proposal.
A Stakeholder is any person, inside or outside the organization that has a real and active interest in the organization and its programs; who has an investment (time, energy, emotional, or money) in the program; and who has a commitment to the program's success.